WHAT EVERY PARENT SHOULD KNOW

INFORMATION ALL PARENTS NEED TO KNOW

Written by: John Barto McEntire IV

Federal Crime Lawyer

 

State and Local Officials

State and local officials can be sued in their personal capacities, even though the claim for relief arose out of the official's formal responsibilities. These officials cannot be sued in their official capacities, except when a person is suing for prospective relief.

2
Municipalities and Municipal Entities

Municipalities (e.g., Spokane County), can be sued under Section 1983.

3
States and State Agencies

Section 1983 does not allow for suits against states and state agencies.

4
Municipal Officials

Section 1983 allows suits against municipal officials in their official capacities. That said, a claim against a municipal official (e.g., the Mayor) in his or her official capacity is tantamount to a suit against the municipal entity itself. Thus, when a plaintiff sues both, courts often dismiss the suit against the official as redundant.

5
Municipal Departments, Offices, and Commissioners

Municipal departments, offices, and commissioners are normally not considered suable entities. This is purely stylistic. In other words, instead of naming the Spokane County Sheriff's Department as a defendant in a Section 1983 action, the plaintiff should simply name the governing municipality (i.e., city, town, or village) of which the department is a part.

http://www.avvo.com/legal-guides/ugc/understanding-who-you-can-sue-under-section-1983

Please Make Note

Please make note that I, Jessica Lynn Hepner the creator of What Every Parent Should Know, is not giving legal advice. I am not a lawyer. I am giving you knowledge via first hand experiences.

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Save A Life by Angie Kassabie

Save A Life by Angie Kassabie
I URGE ALL MY FRIENDS TO READ & SHARE THIS; YOU COULD SAVE A LOVED ONES LIFE BY KNOWING THIS SIMPLE INFORMATION!!! Stroke has a new indicator! They say if you forward this to ten people, you stand a chance of saving one life. Will you send this along? Blood Clots/Stroke - They Now Have a Fourth Indicator, the Tongue: During a BBQ, a woman stumbled and took a little fall - she assured everyone that she was fine (they offered to call paramedics) ...she said she had just tripped over a brick because of her new shoes. They got her cleaned up and got her a new plate of food. While she appeared a bit shaken up, Jane went about enjoying herself the rest of the evening. Jane's husband called later telling everyone that his wife had been taken to the hospital - (at 6:00 PM Jane passed away.) She had suffered a stroke at the BBQ. Had they known how to identify the signs of a stroke, perhaps Jane would be with us today. Some don't die. They end up in a helpless, hopeless condition instead. It only takes a minute to read this. A neurologist says that if he can get to a stroke victim within 3 hours he can totally reverse the effects of a stroke...totally. He said the trick was getting a stroke recognized, diagnosed, and then getting the patient medically cared for within 3 hours, which is tough. >>RECOGNIZING A STROKE<< Thank God for the sense to remember the '3' steps, STR. Read and Learn! Sometimes symptoms of a stroke are difficult to identify. Unfortunately, the lack of awareness spells disaster. The stroke victim may suffer severe brain damage when people nearby fail to recognize the symptoms of a stroke. Now doctors say a bystander can recognize a stroke by asking three simple questions: S *Ask the individual to SMILE. T *Ask the person to TALK and SPEAK A SIMPLE SENTENCE (Coherently) (i.e. Chicken Soup) R *Ask him or her to RAISE BOTH ARMS. If he or she has trouble with ANY ONE of these tasks, call emergency number immediately and describe the symptoms to the dispatcher. New Sign of a Stroke -------- Stick out Your Tongue NOTE: Another 'sign' of a stroke is this: Ask the person to 'stick' out his tongue. If the tongue is 'crooked', if it goes to one side or the other that is also an indication of a stroke. A cardiologist says if everyone who gets this e-mail sends it to 10 people; you can bet that at least one life will be saved. I have done my part. Will you?

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