WHAT EVERY PARENT SHOULD KNOW

INFORMATION ALL PARENTS NEED TO KNOW

Copyright (c) The Regents of the University of California 1989.
UCLA Law Review

ARTICLE: FIGHTING OVER INDIAN CHILDREN: THE USES AND ABUSES OF JURISDICTIONAL AMBIGUITY.

AUGUST, 1989

36 UCLA L. Rev. 1051

Author

Barbara Ann Atwood *

Excerpt

INTRODUCTION

A boy, the son of an Indian father and non-Indian mother, is the subject of a child custody dispute between the parents. Although the family resides for several years on the reservation of the father's tribe, the mother takes the child off the reservation after separating from the father. The mother files for divorce in the local state court and, after a hearing in which the father participated, obtains the decree of divorce and an order recognizing her right to custody of the child. Several months later, when the child is visiting the father on the reservation, the father seeks a custody determination in tribal court. The tribal court issues an ex parte order awarding temporary custody to the father. In response, the mother asks the state court for an order enforcing the initial custody decree. The state court issues a contempt citation against the father, and the tribal court enjoins the mother from removing the Indian child from the reservation. 2

The rules of decision for such an impasse between state and tribal courts are ambiguous, and that ambiguity takes its toll on all participants in the proceeding. Conflicting decrees from the tribal court and state court undermine the authority of each sovereign. Unpredictable results produce chaos in the lives of the parents. The discontinuity may cause permanent harm to the child. 3 Moreover, with the increasing mobility of American Indians and the attendant increase in marriages outside the tribe,4 the ...
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Please Make Note

Please make note that I, Jessica Lynn Hepner the creator of What Every Parent Should Know, is not giving legal advice. I am not a lawyer. I am giving you knowledge via first hand experiences.

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Save A Life by Angie Kassabie

Save A Life by Angie Kassabie
I URGE ALL MY FRIENDS TO READ & SHARE THIS; YOU COULD SAVE A LOVED ONES LIFE BY KNOWING THIS SIMPLE INFORMATION!!! Stroke has a new indicator! They say if you forward this to ten people, you stand a chance of saving one life. Will you send this along? Blood Clots/Stroke - They Now Have a Fourth Indicator, the Tongue: During a BBQ, a woman stumbled and took a little fall - she assured everyone that she was fine (they offered to call paramedics) ...she said she had just tripped over a brick because of her new shoes. They got her cleaned up and got her a new plate of food. While she appeared a bit shaken up, Jane went about enjoying herself the rest of the evening. Jane's husband called later telling everyone that his wife had been taken to the hospital - (at 6:00 PM Jane passed away.) She had suffered a stroke at the BBQ. Had they known how to identify the signs of a stroke, perhaps Jane would be with us today. Some don't die. They end up in a helpless, hopeless condition instead. It only takes a minute to read this. A neurologist says that if he can get to a stroke victim within 3 hours he can totally reverse the effects of a stroke...totally. He said the trick was getting a stroke recognized, diagnosed, and then getting the patient medically cared for within 3 hours, which is tough. >>RECOGNIZING A STROKE<< Thank God for the sense to remember the '3' steps, STR. Read and Learn! Sometimes symptoms of a stroke are difficult to identify. Unfortunately, the lack of awareness spells disaster. The stroke victim may suffer severe brain damage when people nearby fail to recognize the symptoms of a stroke. Now doctors say a bystander can recognize a stroke by asking three simple questions: S *Ask the individual to SMILE. T *Ask the person to TALK and SPEAK A SIMPLE SENTENCE (Coherently) (i.e. Chicken Soup) R *Ask him or her to RAISE BOTH ARMS. If he or she has trouble with ANY ONE of these tasks, call emergency number immediately and describe the symptoms to the dispatcher. New Sign of a Stroke -------- Stick out Your Tongue NOTE: Another 'sign' of a stroke is this: Ask the person to 'stick' out his tongue. If the tongue is 'crooked', if it goes to one side or the other that is also an indication of a stroke. A cardiologist says if everyone who gets this e-mail sends it to 10 people; you can bet that at least one life will be saved. I have done my part. Will you?

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