Date: August 2, 2011 Source: JAMA and Archives Journals Summary: Children who experience psychosocial adversities and early-onset mental disorders appear to be at increased risk of developing chronic physical conditions later in life, according to a new study. Share: Children who experience psychosocial adversities and early-onset mental disorders appear to be at increased risk of developing chronic physical conditions later in life, according to a report in the August issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. Child maltreatment has been associated with increased risk of adverse physical health outcomes, according to background information in the article. However, the authors note, limitations to previous studies include failure to control for the potentially biasing effects that current mental disorder has on recall of childhood adversities, predominant focus on a single adversity and sample homogeneity in terms of race and ethnicity, age and sex. "In prior research that has considered the influence of the early psychosocial environment on later physical health, mental disorders have generally been out of the frame of consideration, which may be an important oversight," write the authors. They add that "the span of time during which mental-physical sequential associations may be developing has important implications for the understanding of mechanisms and the planning of interventions." Kate M. Scott, Ph.D., from the University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand, and colleagues examined data from 10 countries that participated in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys initiative. These cross-sectional community surveys were conducted in person by trained lay interviewers. Participants who met criteria for any mental disorder in part one of the survey, and a probability sample of other participants, also completed part two, which included assessment of chronic physical conditions and childhood adversities. Mental disorders were assessed by the definitions and criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition; those included in this research were anxiety disorders and depression. Childhood adversities included abuse, neglect, loss of a parent through death or other means, divorce, parental substance use, parental criminal behavior, family violence and family economic adversity. A checklist adapted from the U.S. Health Interview Schedule was used to assess chronic physical conditions. Each of the early-onset mental disorders included was associated with adult onset of three chronic pain conditions (osteoarthritis, chronic spinal pain [back or neck] and frequent or severe headache). Physical abuse as a child was associated with each of the chronic disease outcomes included by researchers (heart disease, asthma, diabetes mellitus, osteoarthritis, chronic spinal pain and headache). After adjusting for childhood adversities, early-onset mental disorders were still associated with adult-onset chronic physical conditions. The results also suggest a dose-response relationship, with a greater number of childhood adversities associated with a greater likelihood of adult-onset chronic physical conditions. "These results are consistent with the hypothesis that childhood adversities and early-onset mental disorders have independent, broad-spectrum effects that increase the risk of diverse chronic physical conditions in later life," the authors conclude. Story Source: Materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Content may be edited for style and length. Journal Reference: K. M. Scott, M. Von Korff, M. C. Angermeyer, C. Benjet, R. Bruffaerts, G. de Girolamo, J. M. Haro, J.-P. Lepine, J. Ormel, J. Posada-Villa, H. Tachimori, R. C. Kessler. Association of Childhood Adversities and Early-Onset Mental Disorders With Adult-Onset Chronic Physical Conditions. Archives of General Psychiatry, 2011; 68 (8): 838 DOI: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2011.77 Cite This Page: MLA APA Chicago JAMA and Archives Journals. "Childhood adversities and early-onset mental disorders associated with higher rates of chronic physical problems in adulthood." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 2 August 2011. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110801172826.htm

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Save A Life by Angie Kassabie

Save A Life by Angie Kassabie
I URGE ALL MY FRIENDS TO READ & SHARE THIS; YOU COULD SAVE A LOVED ONES LIFE BY KNOWING THIS SIMPLE INFORMATION!!! Stroke has a new indicator! They say if you forward this to ten people, you stand a chance of saving one life. Will you send this along? Blood Clots/Stroke - They Now Have a Fourth Indicator, the Tongue: During a BBQ, a woman stumbled and took a little fall - she assured everyone that she was fine (they offered to call paramedics) ...she said she had just tripped over a brick because of her new shoes. They got her cleaned up and got her a new plate of food. While she appeared a bit shaken up, Jane went about enjoying herself the rest of the evening. Jane's husband called later telling everyone that his wife had been taken to the hospital - (at 6:00 PM Jane passed away.) She had suffered a stroke at the BBQ. Had they known how to identify the signs of a stroke, perhaps Jane would be with us today. Some don't die. They end up in a helpless, hopeless condition instead. It only takes a minute to read this. A neurologist says that if he can get to a stroke victim within 3 hours he can totally reverse the effects of a stroke...totally. He said the trick was getting a stroke recognized, diagnosed, and then getting the patient medically cared for within 3 hours, which is tough. >>RECOGNIZING A STROKE<< Thank God for the sense to remember the '3' steps, STR. Read and Learn! Sometimes symptoms of a stroke are difficult to identify. Unfortunately, the lack of awareness spells disaster. The stroke victim may suffer severe brain damage when people nearby fail to recognize the symptoms of a stroke. Now doctors say a bystander can recognize a stroke by asking three simple questions: S *Ask the individual to SMILE. T *Ask the person to TALK and SPEAK A SIMPLE SENTENCE (Coherently) (i.e. Chicken Soup) R *Ask him or her to RAISE BOTH ARMS. If he or she has trouble with ANY ONE of these tasks, call emergency number immediately and describe the symptoms to the dispatcher. New Sign of a Stroke -------- Stick out Your Tongue NOTE: Another 'sign' of a stroke is this: Ask the person to 'stick' out his tongue. If the tongue is 'crooked', if it goes to one side or the other that is also an indication of a stroke. A cardiologist says if everyone who gets this e-mail sends it to 10 people; you can bet that at least one life will be saved. I have done my part. Will you?

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